The alphabet
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 LEARNING SEQUENCE: The alphabet

The aim of this sequence is for the students to reinforce their learning of the alphabet, to learn how to spell names and to write names spelled for them.
The sequence also presents the international radiotelephony spelling alphabet so as to provide them with another way of spelling.

Vowel sounds

Vowel sounds

In this learning block, the users will learn how to distinguish between the sounds of the English vowels. They will also learn the correspondence between the sounds and their graphemes.

Aims
• Memorise the English alphabet.
• Learn the English vowel sounds and how they are written.

Teacher's notes
This block is developed over four screens.
The first screen presents the English alphabet and highlights the 5 English vowels.
The second screen presents the vowel sounds through names with the sounds.
Screen three requires students to match the vowel sounds to words spelled with the graphemes.
In the final screen the students have to complete different words with the vowels.

Approach
This block is basically designed for individual work. However, the block should present opportunities for spelling different names focussing on the vowels and their basic pronunciation.

Consonant sounds

Consonant sounds

In this block, the user will learn to distinguish between the various consonant sounds and the corresponding graphemes.

Aims
• Memorise the English alphabet.
• Learn the consonants.
• Learn to distinguish between consonants with similar sounds.

Teacher’s notes
The first screen introduces the consonant and how they are pronounced. In the second screen the student learns how certain letters in the alphabet have the same vowel sounds and therefore rhyme. They learn to classify them according to the sound.
In screens three and four students are presented with consonants with similar sounds and asked to distinguish minimal pairs.
In the final activity, they are asked to write the consonants of the words as they are spelled.

Approach
This block is basically designed for individual work. However, students could be opportunities to spell different names: writing names spelled to them or spelling each other's names. Tell them to invent a new identity and to spell their names in pairs.

The alphabet

The alphabet

In this block students learn all the letters of the alphabet.

Aims
• Revise the contracted forms of 'have got' with subject nouns and pronouns.
• Spelling English words.

Teacher’s notes
The block consists of four screens. The presentation screen presents the alphabet through a computer keyboard. The first activity on screen 2 requires them to match the letter to the sound and put the letter in the right place on the keyboard.
In the third screen they spell out an English sentence - the only English sentence - that uses all the consonants and vowels of the English alphabet.
In the final screen they are asked, through a game, to put all the words in the alphabet in the right order.

Approach
This block is basically designed for individual work. However, you can give extra practice by spelling short sentences or the names of famous people.


How do you spell it?

In this block students are going to learn to spell proper and common nouns and to write nouns spelled to them.

Aims
• Learn the full English alphabet (graphemes and phonemes).
• Lear to spell proper and common nouns.

Teacher’s notes
Through the context of hotel reservation forms, students learn to spell names and write names spelled to them.
In the first activity on screen 2, students listen to 4 short dialogues and check if the names given are correctly spelled in writing.
In screen three students listen to 6 names and surnames spelled and click on the correct written version.
In the final screen students are required to listen to 6 names being spelled and to write them correctly.

Approach
This block is basically designed for individual work. However, when the teacher considers it pertinent, students can be required to spell different common English names and surnames. Use the names of famous people.

The international radiotelephony spelling alphabet

The international radiotelephony spelling alphabet

In this final block students are presented with and practise spelling words with a different type of alphabet, used by pilots and security forces.

Aims
• Learn to spell common and proper nouns.
• Learn to use the aeronautics alphabet as an easy and comprehensible alternative for spelling names.

Teacher’s notes
On the first screen students are presented with the 26 words used in the international radiotelephony alphabet corresponding to the 26 letters of the English alphabet.
In the second screen students are required to listen and drag the words to the right place, focussing on the graphemes of the first letter.
In screen three they match names spelled using the alternative alphabet and the written versions of the names.
In the final screen they write the surnames spelled using the IRSA.

Approach
This block is basically designed for individual work. However, you can ask students to spell and write each other's names, using the IRSA.